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Queretaro and Sierra Gorda
 

San Miguel de Allende

San Miguel de Allende it’s a historic town founded in 1542, located in Mexico's bajío region, which is a relatively flat region with some rolling hills about 2,000 m (7,000 ft) above sea level surrounded by mountains; it is part of the Mexican altiplano.

San Miguel de Allende - Mexico The town was founded in 1542 by the Franciscan monk Fray Juan de San Miguel. It was an important stopover on the Antiguo Camino Real, part of the silver route from Zacatecas, Zacatecas. The town featured prominently in the Mexican War of Independence. General Ignacio Allende, one of San Miguel's native sons, was a leading player in the war against Spain for independence. Allende, captured in battle and beheaded, is a national hero. San Miguel el Grande renamed itself "San Miguel de Allende" in 1826 in honor of his actions.

 

San Miguel de Allende Church - Mexico San Miguel de Allende Dome - Mexico

San Miguel de Allende Steeple - Mexico San Miguel de Allende Square - Mexico
 

During the Cristero uprising in Mexico, when clergy and their families were persecuted, the grandchildren of Gen. Mariano Escobedo came to San Miguel de Allende, which was conveniently in a secluded condition while verging on being a ghost town.

Declared a national historic monument in 1926 by the Mexican government, development in the historic district is restricted in order to preserve the town's colonial character. San Miguel de Allende was also named a Pueblo Mágico in 2002. In 2008, San Miguel was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Over the last 50 years, it has become an attractive tourist destination for Mexico City residents and has a large American and Canadian expatriate community composed primarily of retirees.

As of 2006, San Miguel de Allende government officials based on the Mexican census bureau and from US consulate were using the following figures: 80,000 residents within the urban area, 60,000 residents within the several surrounding villages that are a part of San Miguel Municipality and 11 to 12,000 foreign residents at any one time.

Of these foreign residents, 70% are from the United States, 20% are from Canada, and the remaining 10% are from 31 other countries. If the 12,000 foreign residents who live in SMA at any one time are considered as a percentage of the SMA urban population, foreigners make up 15% of the SMA population. San Miguel has a great selection of fine restaurants, good handicraft shops, galleries and numerous art and language schools.

San Miguel de Allende Building - Mexico
San Miguel de Allende Courtyard - Mexico
San Miguel de Allende Church at Night - Mexico

Begins and ends in Mexico City.

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