A UNESCO World Heritage City
The Colonial City of Zacatecas is located in Mexico’s north-central region, 378 mi northwest of Mexico City and 197 mi north of Guadalajara. Due to its pink limestone buildings, Zacatecas is one of the most beautiful cities in northern Mexico. Thanks to the city’s splendid history and architecture, the UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site. Look no further than the majestic cathedral, considered one of the most important expressions of Baroque architecture in Mexico.
Zacatecas, an early mining town was founded in 1546 after the discovery of silver. This early colonial town became only second to Mexico City during the colonization period in population and economic influence. The city reached its height in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Juan de Tolosa, Diego de Ibarra, Cristobal de Oñate and Baltazar Treviño de Bañuelos founded the city on 8th September 1546. Originally it carried the name "The Mines of The Zacatecas", as it was the mines which disgorged fabulous wealth which enriched the Spanish crown. In 1585 it was named "The City of Our Lady of Zacatecas" by the King Felipe II; and he also gave its coat of arms.
As you explore the city’s peculiar urban layout along narrow streets, alleys and plazas, you’ll find countless religious, civic and cultural buildings. You can appreciate these beautiful structures on foot or from 280 feet above on a suspended cable car that crosses the city. The cable car runs to the Cerro de la Bufa, a hill where you’ll find various historical attractions.
Zacatecas was one of the most important mining cities in the nation. The Eden mine, one of the city’s main tourist attractions, offers tours on a train through 1,980 feet of underground tunnels.
Without a doubt, Zacatecas is a destination with its own unique charm, beauty and culture.
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